Tiles and Clay Based Flooring Finishes
Brick and Brick Paviours
Bricks are made from clay, which is formed into shapes and dried in a kiln. Paviours are made in a similar fashion but they are thinner and often have special finishes on the surface. They are both hard-wearing and chemical resistant. They are laid on a bed of mortar.
Ceramic tiles are made from clay, pressed and tempered into the required shape and size and fired at high temperature. They are available in a vast range of colors; sizes and some have textural designs on the surface.
Ceramic floor tiles with detailed border design.
They can be used a floor or wall finish. Careful attention needs to be paid on selection in regard to wet areas, as they are very slippery when wet. They have a high durability; they can be broken or cracked if heavy objects are dropped on them. They can be noisy underfoot and cool, but they are excellent for using with under floor heating. They require a level and solid substrate for laying, a concrete slab or plywood sheet. Where there is a large expanse of tiling, expansion joints should be used to allow for expansion or contraction to reduce the risk of cracking. These joints are filled with a compressible sealant product.
These are made from unrefined extruded, high silica alumina clay that gets pressed into the desired form and hard burnt. They are hard and durable but have a softer composition than ceramic tiles. They can be used with underfloor heating. The quality and price is wide ranged and varies depending on the size and thickness. It is an unglazed form of tile, which comes in a natural color selection, red, brown and beiges. They can be sealed but must be done immediately after installation. Like ceramic tiles they are cold underfoot and will break any thing that you drop on it.