Solid Flooring

Solid Flooring Finishes

Types of Solid Flooring Finishes

Cement Resin

This comprises of cement polyester resin and an aggregate (crushed stone or sand). It can be laid over concrete or a timber base. It provides a hardwearing non-slip surface, which has a slight texture.


This is a composite material made up of cement and marble aggregate, it is then mixed and poured in situ onto a concrete base. It is then ground waxed and polished. It has a mosaic look. It can also be premade and is available in slabs or tiles. It is very hard wearing, if it is polished or wet it is very slippery. It is a suitable product to be used with underfloor heating.

Solid flooring - Terrazo flooring in a mall situation.

Terrazo flooring in a mall situation.

It is very useful in commercial situations i.e. malls and shopping centres as it is very durable and easy to clean.

Over large expanses control joints are required to reduce the risk of cracking. It is expensive but worth it in these situations. It can be used to great effect in design work, using brass strips to define the edges with the use of different colored terrazzo between can be very effective.

Solid Flooring - Colored Concrete Screed in a mall situation.

Colored Concrete Screed in a mall situation.

Concrete Screeds

These are usually used as a base for other floor finishes. There are many forms, monolithic, laid over the concrete base within a few hours of the base being laid. Bonded – existing concrete base with aggregate exposed has a cement screed laid over it. Unbonded – a cement screed is laid over a plain existing concrete base. Floating – is laid over thermal or sound insulation materials.

Epoxy Resin

Produced by combining epoxide resin, fillers, aggregate and hardener. It can be laid over a cement screed, plywood or other surfaces. It provides a thin hardwearing layer available in numerous colors and textures. It can be made non-slip if required.

Polyester Resin

Produced by combining polyester resin, aggregates, fillers, glass fibres pigments and catalyst. It can be laid over a cement screed or plywood. It is a hardwearing product with a wide colour range.

Polyurethane Resin

Produced by combining polyurethane resin and fillers. It can be laid over a cement screed or plywood. It provides a hardwearing non-slip surface available in numerous textures and colors.

All the hard flooring examples above are jointless liquid floor finishes. They start as a liquid form then harden to form the desired finish. Terrazzo and cement screed floors are required to be laid in bays with control joints to reduce the possibility of cracking and shrinkage. The majority of these products are best suited for commercial industrial and institutional applications.

More Types of Flooring

Timber Flooring


Stone Flooring

Semi Hard Flooring


Color Consultant course