Beading, Bas Relief, Bauhaus and more Design and Interior Architectural Terms
Basilica, Batiste Fabric, Beaux Arts, Battered, Bauhaus and more
See Below for Bay Window, Beading, Beaux Arts, Beech, Berber, Belfry, Bergere, Berlin Woolwork, Bevel, Binding.
Bas Relief: Figures (sculptured work) which project less than half their true proportions from the wall or surface on which they are carved.
Basilica: the name that was used by Romans to describe their public halls of justice or exchange or other business. The plan was usually rectangular divided into aisles by rows of columns that in the middle being the widest with a semicircular apse at one end in which the tribunal was placed. The name became synonymous with church.
Batiste Fabric: Lightweight, usually light colors, often printed. High count of fine yarns. More opaque than voiles. Usually composed of 100% polyester or a polyester blend.
Battered: A term used in construction or architecture that refers to a wall that slopes backward as it rises from the ground. A slope at the back of a house may be battered or cut so that it is self-retaining. May also apply to walls that may gently slope inward e.g. the walls of a castle tower.
Bauhaus: The most dominant force in Contemporary Design, with the shortest life span. German Architect and Designer Walter Gropius was the founder. He combined two schools, the Art Academy and the school of Arts and Crafts of Wiemar in Germany in 1919. The school was noted for a program that synthesized technology, craftsmanship and design aesthetics. Like the Arts and Crafts Movement before it, the Bauhaus aimed to reform the making of everyday objects, but rather than rejecting technology and the machine, they embraced industrial production.
Bay Window: A window in a formed wall that projects from the main wall line to form an alcove.
Beading: A decorative strip or molding. Found on furniture, silver, glassware, pottery etc.
Beaux Arts: From the French language, the fine arts. The term applied to art and architectural schools in the late nineteenth century and early twentieth, whose courses stressed the study and imitation of past design areas.
Bed Cover with Corner Pleats: This is a tailored bed cover with a clean style. It covers the bedding completely. It has a box like fit and look and is neat and unobtrusive. It has inverted pleats at the corners and produces a tidier effect than a duvet cover.
Beech: A hardwood. Light reddish-brown in color.
Berber: Originating from North Africa, the process of hand spun, undyed wool yarn hand weaving. It has been imitated on a commercial basis and now the name Berber provides a homespun natural feel and colored carpet.
Belfry: A bell tower.
Bergere: (Fr) – An armchair which has a completely upholstered seat, back and arms.
Berlin Woolwork: Gros point needlework in bright colors using canvases, patterns, and yarn distributed by Berlin manufacturers, Popular during the mid 19th century.
Bevel: One surface meeting another at an angle.
Binding: A strip of fabric, either straight or bias, which binds fabric edges and encloses piping.
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