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Synthetic Carpet Fibers

Types of Synthetic Carpet Fibers used in Yarn for Carpets

Types of Synthetic Carpet Fibers – Man Made Fibers

Carpets can be produced from numerous types of yarn. To follow are the man made fibers or synthetic fibers that can be used in the yarn.

Acrylic

This is the closest looking fiber to wool. It is used in woven and tufted carpets on its own or blended. It is warm and resilient; it wears well, soils easily and can be cleaned. The major difference between wool and acrylic is that acrylic is not fire resistant.

Nylon

It is used in woven, tufted, needle punch and bonded carpets. It can be used on its own or blended with wool, or viscose rayon. It is a very tough fiber and when blended provides the other fiber(s) with increased strength and durability.

Lesser quality carpets “conduct” static electricity, but most good quality carpets now have anti static properties. It has good abrasion resistance but poor resilience. It can be difficult to clean as it soils rapidly and tends to matt. Being a synthetic fiber it does melt on contact with flame, and a dropped cigarette will leave a hole in the carpet.

Viscose Rayon

An inexpensive regenerated fiber, which is not dirt resistant or very hardwearing. It is mostly used to bulk up blends of cheap carpet. Occasionally nylon is added to increase the strength.

Polyester

This fibre is waterproof, soft, and difficult to clean, crushes easily and is not very durable.

Polypropylene

This is a hard wearing, stain resistant and easily cleaned fiber, which is used in backings for tufted carpets. Needle punch and cord carpets, carpet tiles and artificial grasses are constructed from polypropylene, as it is cheap and hardwearing. It is used in tufted carpets, often imitating more expensive styles of nylon. Its appearance retention is not as good as nylon and the fibers tend to split if exposed to UV rays.

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